Discuss the Achievement of African Union (AU)
The organization of African unity was found on 25 may 1963in Addis Ababa Ethiopia by thirty two heads of the independent African states the first chairman was Emperor Haile Sellasie of Ethiopia.This was inspired by pan Africans sentiment of bringing all people of African origin both in the Diaspora and Africa under a single organization to fight and protect their rights.
The African union is made up of both political and administrative bodies. The highest decision making is assembly of the African union, made up of the all heads of state or government of member states of the AU
The assembly is chaired by Yayi Boni, president of Benin elected at the 18th ordinary meeting of the assembly on January 2012. The AU also has a representative body, the Pan African parliament, which consists of 265 members elected by the national parliaments of the AU member states. Its president is Idriss Ndele Moussa.
1.It achieved to unite the diverse countries of Africa; this has been attained despite discrepancies in political ideology, levels of economic development, language, colonial experiences and vast geographical differences.
2.There was of course disagreement between states and groups of states but its main aim was unity and AU survived its first three decades with no permanent spirit
3.It has been achieved in providing a forum for discussing common problems of African states and offering solutions like discrimination or apartheid, diseases and civil wars among others. That to a big extent has been dealt with.
4.The regular meeting of ministers and heads of state have helped to generate greater awareness of other countries problems.
5.AU has also achieved in liberation of Africa from colonialism e.g. Zimbabwe, Angola and Namibia, through the provision of moral and material support to the nationalistic movements in various nations.
6.The African Development Bank that grew out of the AU in 1967 became an invaluable tool for mobilizing world finance for Africa development projects.
7.The idea of coordinating and mobilizing international capital for the benefit of Africa was of particular value during the 1970‟s and early 1980‟s.
8.Provision of jobs and education to many African refugees, who came as a result of internal conflicts in various African nations.
9.The organization has taken measures to improve agriculture, industry, transport, and communication trade and education cooperation in various countries.
10.The meeting of heads of states each year to discuss problems and achievement of continent is one of the achievements.