The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization comprising five countries in East African states, Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. The current EAC‟s chairman is Paul Kagame, the president of the republic of Rwanda.
The proposed capital is the Tanzanian city of Arusha which is close to the Kenyan border, Arusha is the current headquarters of the East African Community, it was founded on June 1967, and the government of Tanganyika, Kenya and Uganda signed a treaty in Kampala Uganda.
The organization was originally found on June 1967, collapsed in 1977, and was officially revived on July 7, 2000; Burundi and Rwanda joined the EAC on 6th July 2009. Tha major challenges facing the federations of EAC includes:-
1.The issue of free movement of labour, may be perceived as highly desirable in Uganda and Kenya, and have important developmental benefits in Tanzania however in Tanzania there is widespread resistance to the idea of ceding land rights to foreigners, including citizens of Kenya and Uganda, Tanzania has more land than all other EAC nations combined, and Tanzanians fear land grabs by the current residence of the other EAC member nations.
2.Land scarcity is a recurring issue in east Africa, particularly in Kenya, where clashes on the Kenyan side of Mount Elgon in 2007 left more than 150 dead and forced at least 60,000 away from their home, this proves to be a big challenge to the federation of East African community
3.Changing on power/power greediness, there is a political challenge to the confederation, its political differences between the states. Museven‟s success in obtaining his third term amendment and his unwillingness to relinquish power to others raised doubts in the other countries.
4.The single party dominance in the Tanzanian and Ugandan parliaments is an attractive to Kenyans, while Kenya‟s ethic politics is not apparent in Tanzania, Rwanda has a distinctive political culture with a political elites committed to build a developmental state, partly in order to safeguard the Tutsi group against a return to ethnic violence.
5.The question of Zanzibar, apart from the above the confederation has got serious challenge about the question of Zanzibar in Tanzania the question still stands whether Zanzibar is a state or not, it‟s disturbing the member states in finding the solution.
6.Involvement in other regional integration, other problems involve states being reluctant to relinquish involvement in other regional groups e.g. Tanzania‟s withdraw from COMESA but staying within SADC bloc, such move make her to remain with double standards and weaken the power of the confederation.
7.Tanzanians are also concerned because creating a common market means removing tariffs from all import which may turn the nation to become a dumping place for goods from the federal states that may perturb the development of her domestic industries.