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Protest refers to a strong reaction against mistreatment and humiliation. The African religious movements prevailed in the early 20th century among African communities. They took form of either indigenous protest movements like Msambwa Religious Movements in Kenya or the form of independent churches that had broken away from white missionaries churches. The strength and contributions of protest and religious movement during the struggle for independence includes;-

1. Establishment of African independent schools these schools enrolled African children only andthey were taught their culture and evils of colonialism as a result later on they became politicalactivists.

2. Provision of reformism education, by teaching the Africans that the missionaries were mereagents of colonialism and practicing discrimination in the church and its hierarchy followingthese missionaries was not fully evangelical as they preached thus reforms were inevitable.

3. The increase of awareness among the Africans due to various protest including activedemonstrations, boycotts and strikes especially when colonial governments used force to avoidprotest. For example the religious protest in the Nyasaland under Chilembwe when suppressedmade the movements to be popular.

4. The religious movements and churches instructed Africans not to pay tax and not to beinvolved in the imperialist wars because Africans were not beneficiaries of these.

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