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Answer.

The positive social and economic effects/impact of slave trade on the people of East Africa includes;-

1. Introduction of new foods, the food introduced through trade routes such foods were maize, pawpaw, rice and groundnuts both at the coast and in the interior.

2. The increase of farming plantations, in some areas especially the clove plantations were slaves worked.

3. The interior was opened to the outside world this later encouraged the coming of the European missionaries. Many European Christian missionaries came to east Africa to preach against slave trade and to campaign for its abolition.

4. The trade routes became permanent routes and inland roads which led to growth of communication network.

5. Introduction of Swahili language, this was introduced in land and is now being widely spoken in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and eastern Congo.

6. Introduction of Islamic religion, Islam as a religion was introduced by the Arabs and it spread, especially in Yao land and in Buganda land.

7. Formation of the new race called Swahili; this race was formed through intermarriages between Arabs and some Africans.

8. Slave trade encouraged large scale trade whereby contact was established between the trade masters and indigenous/local population.

9. Africans were dispersed to other parts of the world e.g. Arabia, America and West Indies. In Africa Sierra Leone and Liberia were founded to accommodate former slaves from Europe and America.

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