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Answer.

The major reasons that made Europeans to initiate and apply the indirect rule system of administration in Africa were:

1. The Europeans did not want to interfere with the African traditional systems of administration.

2. The Europeans administrators wanted their instructions or orders to appear as if they were emanating directly from the African traditional rulers. This was aimed at reducing African resistances against the European policies.

3. The Europeans wanted the African chiefs to appear as the ones giving orders to their subordinates (fellow Africans).

4. The Europeans introduced the indirect rule system with an assumption of civilizing the Africans.

5. Indirect rule was used when the system of direct rule had proved failure. For example, the British colonial government decided to use indirect rule in Tanganyika to avoid what happened to the Germans.

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