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The contact between Africans and Portuguese dates back as far as 15th Century: The Portuguese led by Vasco da Gama reached the East coast in 1498.They were the first Western Europeans to enter the Coast from the South.

The Portuguese managed to reach this region in their attempt to explore a sea route to India around the continent of Africa . The economic impacts of the Portuguese in Africa are;-

1. The decline of Indian Ocean trade because of diversion of major trade routes through the Atlantic Ocean.

2. The exposure of Africa to international trade. Africa became known to Europe and America due to explorations made by the Portuguese.

3. The decline of gold production in Mwenemutapa (Zimbabwe) after development of the conflict between Africa miners and the Portuguese.

4. Building of forts such as Fort Jesus in Mombasa attracts tourists in Kenya and generates income for the country.

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