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Indirect rule was a system of administration that involved the use of African personnel to fill the the lowest posts of administration.

It was used by British an administration their colonies starting from 1920s e.g. in Nigeria, Tanganyika. Indirect rule was introduced in Tanganyika in 1926. Indirect rule in Africa was introduced due to the following factors:

1. It was introduced to reduce the cost of administration (while African personnel were cheap).

2. The shortage of European administrators, in Africa led to the introduction of indirect rule in Africa (as African personnel were used to help the colonial Government).

3. Indirect rule helped European administrators with collecting tax and obtaining cheap labour (African leaders were used to collect tax and source cheap labourers).

4. Due to the remoteness (poor infrastructure) of some areas, European colonial masters failed to reach all areas and decided to use Africans leaders (puppets).

5. Climate conditions for example, tropical climate affected a lot of Europeans they became susceptible to tropical diseases thus they decided to use Africans in those areas.

6. Language problems: While Europeans failed to communicate with local people educated Africans were used instead.
7.It was introduced in order to solve enmity between African and colonial Government Africans started to believe that they are ruled by their fellow Africans. Due to this it reduced resistances from the Africans.

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