Blood transfusion is the transfer of blood from one person (donor) to another person (recipient)through blood vessels. Transfusion is done to replace lost blood due to illness, accidents or bleeding. The following are the precaution taken before Blood transfusion;-
1. Certain precautions and guidelines must be adhered to in blood transfusion to ensure the safetyof the procedure. The precautions may include the following:
2. Donated blood must carefully and thoroughly be screened for any infectious diseasesbefore being transfused to the recipient. The blood should be screened for diseases likehepatitis B, HIV virus, and all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
3. The donated blood must be matched with the recipient’s blood type, as incompatibleblood types can cause a serious adverse reaction (transfusion reaction). Blood isintroduced slowly by gravity flow directly into the veins (intravenous infusion) so thatmedical personnel can observe the patient for signs of adverse reactions.
4. During blood transfusion, vital signs such as body temperature, heart rate, and bloodpressure are carefully monitored.
5. Some patients may get a sudden fever during or within 24 hours of the transfusion, whichmay be relieved with pain-relieving drugs such as panadol, diclofenac or paracetamol.This fever is a common reaction to the white blood cells present in donated blood.