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Contacts with the Middle East and Far East began as early as 200BC. Early foreigners to visit the African coast were people from Asia including countries like Syria, Arabia, India, Burma, Thailand, China, Spice Islands and Egypt from North Africa. Availability of goods such as ivory, gold, animal skins and slaves was one of the motives which attracted the traders to visit the East African Coast. The motives of contact between Africa,middle east and far east includes;-

1. Availability of goods such as ivory, gold, animal skins and slaves which had attracted the traders.

2. The discovery of the power of wind and its patterns i.e. the Monsoon which helped to drive their vessels across the Indian Ocean to East Africa (South West Monsoon, November, to April) and back to their home lands (North East Monsoon, May to October).

3. Development of marine vessels technology.They could contract large dhows which enabled them to carry huge quality of goods.

4. Acceptance by the local people along the coast.They expected to benefit in the trading relationship.

5. Constant warfare in the Middle East especially Persia made Arabs flee to East Africa their survival depended on trade.

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