Colonial labour questions starting from the early 20th century, colonial governments in Africa established colonial economies such as agriculture, industry, trade, mining etc. Due to those economic activities they needed more labour. The following factors led to colonial labour questions in Africa:
1. Size of economic activities for example plantations demanded large supply of labour.
2. Locations of some economic activities for example mining centers were located in interior and remote parts hence had shortage of labour.
3. Some of the African societies had negative response to the colonial powers thus it was not easier to obtain labour.
4. Population size in some areas was less hence labour problem came up.