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X-rays are electromagnetic radiation similar to light but with much higher frequency about (3×10^17 – 3×10^19) Hz and short wavelength that range from 6×10^11m to 10^-19m.

The electrons from the filament experience the potential difference and are accelerated toward the anode, when they hint the anode they are stopped and thereby transfer their energy to the electrons of the anode materials, this give rose to x-rays. It is only a very percentage of their energy that is converted to x-raus, with the rest of it being transformed to heat.

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