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Answer.

Peasant economy was introduced in Uganda, cotton and coffee in Tanganyika’s Sukuma Land, and Cocoa and palm oil production in West Africa. Colonial governments continued production using the peasant economy on a small scale. This was due to the following factors:

1. Africans had experience growing cash crops such as palm oil, cotton while Europeans did not. Hence they allowed Africans to continue producing.
The system was cheap and the cost of production was covered by the peasants.

2. It was due to negative response from the Africans while some societies resisted the introduction of plantation farming e.g. in West Africa.

3. It was simple to force Africans on production e.g. basing on quality of productions for instance in Sukuma Land each family was required to produce two acres of cotton.

4. Europeans were unable to live in some areas with tropical climates as they feared tropical diseases. Therefore, Africans were left to continue with production in these areas.

5. The system helped colonial governments at large with selling cash crops. Africans were required to contribute on the construction of roads and others social services.

6. Some areas had high populations e.g. in West Africa, hence it was not possible to alienate all of them from their land.

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