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Leveling survey is the procedure by which the heights of the points on the Earth’s surface are determined. The equipment used in conducting levelling survey are:-

(a) Leveling staff: Is a long ruler which can be made from steel material either white and black or black and rod. “Used to fix or heights on the earth’s surface”

(b) Survey Telescope: It’s used to determine the angle of position or height on the Earth’s surface

(c) Also tape, chain and pegs are used in Leveling. Used for measuring distance. Used for making station points

(d) Note book and pencils are also used in leveling process for recording or booking all necessary field work information

(e) Spirit level or buble tube this is about 50 mm to 225 mm in Length mounted on a telescope. The observer taken recording or graduated telescopic staff from own position whose height is known.

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