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Answer.

Culture can be defined as all the behaviours, ways of life, arts, beliefs and institutions of a population that are passed from generation to generation. Culture has been called “the way of life ofan entire society”. As such, it includes codes of manners, dress, language, religion, rituals, norms of behaviour -as law and morality – and systems of beliefs, as well as the arts.

At the beginning culture was also determined by wearing style. Previously man made clothes using animal‟s skins, grasses and trees. Language was used in communication especially when man established permanent settlements.

Language united people during working, such as cultivating and hunting; through language man was able to construct songs and poems, which were used as a part of refreshments particularly when issues arose such as traditional rites.

Although culture went hand in hand with human life, it varied according to the needs of the society, and the influence of environment. The things which make culture vary from one place to another place are:

(a) Environment/Geographically position; people along the rivers will obvious adopt fishing, swimming, making show while pastoralist in grass land will learn how to handle the head of cattle, also much of the all will result from the activities the society does.

(b) The National/Society policy; some time a leadership of a place can force the implantation of some cultural elements for it’s reasons. For example Tanzania adopted Kiswahili as a National language thus to maintain unity.

(c) Materials availability in the society; difference in tuoe of crops and trees grow in a certain area can lead to a different of type of food and brews, housing and roofing style. For example banana is food to the Haya while cassava is a staple food to the Waha.

(d) Nature of the people; the Massai and other pastoralist are purposely treated to be harsh so as to be stable against livestock thief and wild fear animals.

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