Globalization is defined as the increasing process of interdependence and interconnectedness between different political, social and economic components of theworld. It is the way in which the world in seen as the global village. Globalization becomes a worldwide system asit integrates people across national boarders, making the world operate as a village and therefore enablingfree movement of goods, capital and information.
During the1970’s, the wave of migration wasenormous. Labour added the new pattern of regional migration within Africa, Latin America and East Asia. However, from the 1990’s, migration intheglobal society has been intense, due to the advancement of science and technology, crisis’sand disintegration in the developing world. The interconnectedness has led tothe development of the communication technology and space explorations. The following are the three main aspects of globalization;-
1. Advances in Science and Technology.The development of science and technology has contributed greatly to the development of global interconnectedness, interactivity and the integration of the world societies into asingle global village. Through science and technology, machines which simplify human activities like communication have been developed. The development of science and technology marked the initial stage of integration of people from far distances. Education process marked the point of no return towards the integration of different people from different nations and cultures in the world. From the 20th C, revolutionized education marked the intensive integration of people in universities, colleges and international conferences. Through interaction and integration, most people have adopted culture from other people and thus the beginning of cultural liberalization.
2. Socio political liberalization; Liberalization was derived from the liberal democratic principle. Liberalists believed that the freedom of an individual is the main principle of life that people are supposed to have. The freedom of individual has fostered the development of globalization in the world. Social liberalization is widespread due to the advancement of information and communication technologies like television, e-mail, cellular phones and the internet.
3. Political integration of politics in the global scale has fostered the development of globalization. National governments have been ultimately responsible for maintaining the security and economic welfare of their citizens as well as the protection of human rights and security of the world. Political activities increasingly take place, from national to global level.Examples includedemocratization process, multiparty democracy, formation of NGOs and Civil society Organizations (CSO).